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[初级美语]Lesson 6 Asking for Directions 问路
2010-07-18 15:49:47 来源:旺旺英语学习网 作者: 【 】 浏览:1708次 评论:1


Conversation A:  In a City

 

 

 

MARTIN: Excuse me. Where is the museum?
FEMALE 1: The Art Museum? Go straight ahead. Then turn right at the Post
 Office.
MARTIN: The Post Office?
FEMALE 1: Yes. That big white building straight ahead.?
MARTIN: I see. Thank you.?
MARTIN: Excuse me, please. Where is the Art Museum?
MALE 1: The Art Museum? Sorry. I don't know.?
MARTIN: Excuse me. Where is the Art Museum?
FEMALE 2: Hmmm. It's on the river.?
MARTIN: Where is the river?
FEMALE 2: Over there. The museum is on Adams Street. No no. Maybe, it's
 on Jefferson Street. I'm Sorry. I don't know the street. Ask in that
 office.?
MARTIN: Thank you.?
MARTIN: Good morning.?
MALE 2: Good morning.?
MARTIN: Where is the Art Museum?
MALE 2: It's on the river.?
MARTIN: I know it's on the river.?
MALE 2: Barbara, where is the Art Museum?
FEMALE 3: It's on Jefferson Street.?
MARTIN: And where is Jefferson Street?
MALE 2: You really are lost! Come, I'll show you.?
MARTIN: Thanks. I'm Martin Learner. I'm a reporter. I want to write about your
museum.
MALE 2: Oh, I see. Welcome.?
MALE 2: OK. Go straight ahead. Go...one...two...three. Go three blocks. Then turn left. That's Jefferson Street. Then go to the river.?
MARTIN: Thank you very much.?
MALE 2: No problem.

 

Practice 1:当我们不知道怎样才能到达要去的地方时,或者不知道要去的地方
在哪里,通常要打听:Where is ...? 即……在哪儿。如果有人问
我们这样的问题我们通常可用这样的句子回答:?Go straight ahead. 一直往前走。?It's on/at/in... 它在……?Turn right/left. 向右(左)拐
Examples:
MARTIN: Where is the museum?
FEMALE: Go straight ahead.?
MARTIN: Where is the Art Museum?
FEMALE: It's on the river.?
MARTIN: Where is the river?
FEMALE: Turn right.

 

Practice 2:当给别人指路时我们要用到一些参照物,例如:楼房、山岗、河流
等。?
Examples:
MARTIN: Where is the museum?
FEMALE: Go straight ahead. Then turn right.?
MARTIN: Where is the Post Office?
MALE 1: Go three blocks. Then turn left.?
MARTIN: Where is the river?
MALE 2: Turn right. Then go two streets.

 

会话A: 在一个城市里?
马  丁:对不起。博物馆在哪??
女  一:艺术博物馆吗?一直向前走,然后在邮局向右拐。?
马  丁:邮局??
女  一:是的,正前方那座白色大楼。?
马  丁:知道了。谢谢你。?
马  丁:请问,艺术博物馆在哪儿??
男  一:艺术博物馆?对不起,我不知道。?
马  丁:对不起,艺术博物馆在哪儿??
女  二:嗯,在河边。?
马  丁:河在哪儿??
女  二:在那边。博物馆在亚当斯街,不,不。可能在杰斐逊街。对不起,我不
认识那条街。去那个办公室问问吧。?
马  丁:谢谢。?
马  丁:早上好!?
男  二:早上好!?
马  丁:艺术博物馆在哪??
男  二:在河边。?
马  丁:我知道在河边。?
男  二:芭芭拉,艺术博物馆在哪儿??
女  三:在杰斐逊街。?
马  丁:杰斐逊街在哪儿??
女  三:你真是迷路了,来,我指给你看。?
马  丁:谢谢,我叫马丁·勒纳。我是记者。我想写写你们的博物馆。?
男  二:噢,我知道了,欢迎。?
男  二:好。一直向前走,走……一个……两个……三个,走三个街区。然后向
左转。那就是杰斐逊大街,然后朝河边走。?
马  丁:非常感谢。?
男  二:别客气。

 

Conversation B:In Art Museum

 

 

 

MARTIN: Excuse me. Where is Jefferson Street?
FEMALE 2: This is Jefferson Street.?
MARTIN: Wonderful! Where is the river?
FEMALE 2: Turn right. Then go straight ahead. You can't miss it.?
MARTIN: Thanks.?
MARTIN: Hello. I'm Martin Learner.?
DIRECTOR: Good morning.?
MARTIN: I'm a reporter for the Voice of America.?
DIRECTOR: I'm Elizabeth Gonzalez.?
MARTIN: I'm writing a story about museums in the United States.?
DIRECTOR: How may I help you?
MARTIN: First, I want to see the museum. Then I want to ask some questions. What do you do?
DIRECTOR: I'm the director of the museum.?
MARTIN: Good.?
DIRECTOR: I direct all of the work in the museum. What do you want to see
 first?
MARTIN: I like to write about people.?
DIRECTOR: Then you must see the American rooms. Come. I'll show you the
 way.?
MARTIN: Thank you. Where are the American rooms??
DIRECTOR: First, go upstairs. Go straight ahead. Turn left in the second room.
MARTIN: Upstairs, straight ahead, turn left.?
DIRECTOR: Yes. The American rooms are upstairs.?
MARTIN: Excuse me. Are these the American rooms??
MALE 1: No. They are on the left. Look there. Do you see that door??
MARTIN: Yes.?
MALE 1: Go there. Turn left. Then go straight ahead.?
FEMALE 1: Excuse me, please. Where are the Native American rooms??
MARTIN: I'm sorry. I don't know. Ask that man over there.?
MALE 2: Hello. Where is the office??
MARTIN: Go downstairs. Then turn right.?
MALE 2: Thanks.

 

 

Practice 3:我们常用“go”这个词来为别人指路,例如:
?        go upstairs  去楼上?           
go downstairs 去楼下?
Examples:
MARTIN: Where are the American rooms?
DIRECTOR: Go upstairs. Then turn left.?
MALE 2: Where is the office?
MARTIN: Go downstairs. Then turn right.

 

 

会话B  在艺术博物馆?
马  丁:对不起,杰斐逊街在哪儿??
女  二:这就是杰斐街。?
马  丁:太好了,河在哪儿??
女  二:向右拐。然后一直向前走,你一定能找到。?
马  丁:谢谢。?
马  丁:你好,我叫马丁·勒纳。?
馆  长:早上好!?
马  丁:我是“美国之音”的记者。?
馆  长:我叫伊丽莎白·冈萨雷斯。?
马  丁:我在写一篇有关美国的报道。?
馆  长:我能帮什么忙吗??
马  丁:首先,我想看看博物馆。然后我想提些问题。你做什么工作??
馆  长:我是博物馆的馆长。?
马  丁:很好。?
馆  长:我主管博物馆的各项工作。你想先看什么??
马  丁:我想写人。?
馆  长:那你必须去看看美国人展室。来,我给你指路。?
马  丁:谢谢,美国人展室在哪儿??
馆  长:首先上楼,向前走到第二个房间向左转。?
马  丁:上楼,向前,向左拐。?
馆  长:是的,美国人展室在楼上。?
马  丁:对不起,这些是美国人展室吗??
男  一:不,在左边。看那儿,看见那个门了吗??
马  丁:是的。?
男  一:往那边走,向左转,然后向前走。?
女  一:对不起,请问美国土著人展室在哪??
马  丁:对不起,我不知道。问问那边那个男人。?
男  二:你好,办公室在哪儿??
马  丁:到楼下,然后向右拐。?
男  二:谢谢。

 

 

Conversation C  Where Is the Coffee Shop?

 

 

 

 

MARTIN: Excuse me. Where is a coffee shop?
FEMALE 2: Sorry. I don't know.?
MARTIN: Please, excuse me. Where is a coffee shop?
MALE 1: Coffee shop? Go to the Post Office. Then turn right. It's on Adams
 Street.
MARTIN: Excuse me. Where is Adams street?
FEMALE 1: Straight ahead.?
MARTIN: Excuse me. Where is a coffee shop?
MALE 2: Go one block. Do you see that hotel? Turn right.?
MARTIN: Thanks.?
MARTIN: Excuse me, please. Where is the coffee shop?
FEMALE 2: Uhh. Coffee shop. Go over there.?
MARTIN: Oh, I see. Thanks.?
WAITRESS: Hello.?
MARTIN: Hello. Coffee, please. Ahhh. wonderful.

 

会话C:哪儿有咖啡馆??
马  丁:对不起。哪儿有咖啡馆。?
女  二:对不起,不知道。?
马  丁:对不起,请问哪有咖啡馆。?
男  一:咖啡馆?到邮局向右拐。在亚当斯街。?
马  丁:对不起。亚当斯街在哪??
男  二:一直向前走。?
马  丁:对不起。咖啡馆在哪儿??
男  二:走一个街区。看到那个旅馆了吗?向右拐。?
马  丁:谢谢。?
马  丁:对不起。请问咖啡馆在哪儿??
女  二:哦,咖啡馆,往那儿走。?
马  丁:噢,我知道了,谢谢。?
服务员:你好!?
马  丁:你好。请来杯咖啡。啊!太好了。

 

New Words and Expression 生词和短语

museum   n. 博物馆?
the Art Museum  艺术博物馆?
post office   n. 邮局?
building   n. 建筑物?
straight   adv. 笔直地?
block   n. 街区?
director   n. 馆长?
direct   v. 指导?
upstairs   adv. 在楼上?
native   adj. 土著的,本地的?
downstairs   adv. 在楼下?
coffee shop   n. 咖啡馆?
hotel   n. 旅馆

 

Language Points 语言要点

1. Excuse me. 对不起。这是一句用以引起别人注意的话,以提醒对方有事相求。2. 动词 go 的用法:go 是一个不及物动词,不能直接加宾语。要与介词连用。
  常用的介词是 to。例如:
go to school 去上学 
go to the coffee shop 去咖啡馆
go 的后面可直接加副词。例如:
go upstairs 上楼 
go downstairs 下楼 
go straight ahead 一直往前走

 

Cultural Notes 文化注释

    常说的一句道歉的话是 Excuse me. 即对不起。比如当你要从别人面前走过的时候,你要说声 Excuse me. 当你就餐中要离席而去时,你要说声 Excuse me. 但是,过多的道歉则是美国人难以接受的。在美国,一个外国人更不必为自己讲不好英语而向别人道歉。

 

 

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